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Livelihood Of Palm Tree

Sem Wungow (64) who lived in Tomohon city, North Sulawesi province, Indonesia to supports his family life from seho tree or enau tree processed into palm sugar.


on – Sem Wungow (64) who lived in Tomohon city, North Sulawesi province, Indonesia to supports his family life from seho tree or enau tree processed into palm sugar. In his farm, there is a stove to make palm sugar.

From a stove he could support his family life, and also sending to school his daughter and son until bachelor. Sem build a stove with a quadrangle shaped ground half meter deep about 60 centimeters. On the stove, he put a large pot to cook nila water from aren tree, and then the water nila processed into sugar palm.

Every morning, he comes to farm and climbing the sugar palm tree can reach 15-20 meters, at the top he can tapped nira water. In certain technique the water of nira comes out from its head, and then brought down the dripping water droplets. The water of nira cooked on the stove into palm sugar. Once cooking can get 15 shells of palm sugar depending on the sugar content.

Palm sugar has a light caramel like flavor and is not as sweet as sugar cane. Not only the tasted of sugar is unique, but also the environmentally friendly manufacturing process and the perceived health benefits.

He has been in this profession for a long time. No wonder, often he was called to training how to make palm sugar in Sumatera and the others region. In fact, he is an instructor and coordinator of Aren farmers in the institutions.

Sem hoped there would be a special school that can teaches become farmers, especially the sugar palm farmers. Because in Minahasa, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, palm trees grow fertile.

The production of palm sugar does not involve the cutting down of the tropical rainforest, but rather the planting of new forests, because the palm grows best in tropical mixed forest and not in a monoculture. Also, fertilizers and pesticides are not used, so the groundwater is not contaminated. The sugar palm also uses less water than other crops, and because the tree roots dig deep into the soil, this also prevents erosion.


Author: Tesa Filia Senduk

Indonesian version: Ronny A. Buol

Editor: Ronny A. Buol


Explore Manado: Culinary Tourism in Manado City

And if you like spicy foods, then maybe your tongue will be happy if you take it to Manado.



MANADO, – Almost every regions in Indonesia has their own unique culinary. Each of them has different taste in combining the foods. And if you like spicy foods, then maybe your tongue will be happy if you take it to Manado.

Manado, North Sulawesi is popular with its culinary tourism, a variety of unique traditional food has been known in both Indonesia and aboard. The most popular foods in Manado are chilies, fish, and meat. Manadonese food is famous of two things: the Minahasa eat absolutely anything, and the flavor of choice is very, very spicy. Sugar is used little if at all, with flavor added through lemon and herbs.

Well, here are the lists of culinary tourism in Manado:

  • Sambal Dabu Dabu

A spicy condiment made of hallots, peppers, bird’s eye chili, lemon juice, and some diced raw tomatoe. The Fresh and sour tasty, and spicy of course. It is perfect match with smoked fish.
  • Ayam Rica Rica

Ayam rica rice made from chicken and lots of chili that cooked in a thick coconut milk and lime.

  • Woku

Woku is the name of fish and spice mixture that cooked in a clay pot. Because it was cooked in a clay pot for a long time, Woku would have an amazing aroma when it is served warm and make you hungry immediately.

  • Tinutuan

Tinutuan or better known as Manado Porridge. A wet food made from rice, noodles, pumpkin and various vegetables such as corn kernels, spinach, kale, basil, yellow gourd, and gravy. Tinutuan has been the icon of Manado city. It is mostly preferred as a breakfast menu. So, it would be very easy to get this food every morning either it is on a street food stands or even a fancy restaurant. But if you want to taste the best and most original taste of Tinutuan, then you need to try one at Jalan Wakeke.
  • Extreme Culinnary

Manado city is popular for using strange meat on their dish. Such as: snake, pork, dog, bat, rat. You can found these extreme foods in Tomohon city, Kawangkoan village, and Langowan village.

Manado city also has two traditional drink, they are saguer and cap tikus made from palm tree. Just drinks enough as you can, because these both could make drunk.

Here is the recommended culinary list restaurant in Manado city:

  1. Boulevard area on Jalan Piere Tendean.
  2. Wahaha Seafood Restaurant at Kawasan Foodcity Mega Mas, Jalan Bulevard 2 Blok Food City No. 1.
  3. D’Terrace at Mega Mas Beach Area
  4. Raja Sate BBQ & Asian Resto on Jalan Boulevard No. 9
  5. RM Swadaya on Jalan Sam Ratulangi No. 374
  6. Wisata Bahari Resto on Jalan Wolter Monginsidi No. 1.
  7. City Extra Restaurant on Jalan Raya Tanawangko, Kalasey Village.
  8. Nasi Kuning Saroja in Jalan Diponegoro No. 9.
  9. Wakeke Area on Jalan Wakeke
  10. Raja Oci Restaurant on Jalan Sudirman No.85
  11. Green Garden Restaurant on Jalan Dr Sam Ratulangi 52

Wonderful places in Manado…

Editor: Ronny A. Buol

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