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Story Of Tionghoa Ethnic In Manado



Chinese People is praying in Ban Hin Kiong Temple, Manado City. (Foto: Rarung)

MANADO, – Manado City also has a township commonly called Chinatown (Tionghoa Ethnic). The village is generally occupied by ethnic Chinese that located in Calaca Area, Wenang District, Manado City.

There are three temples that stay on Manado Tionghoa area, namely Ban Hin Kiong Temple, Kong Miao Litang Temple and Klenteng Kwan Im Tong. The oldest is Ban Hin Kiong Temple, believed to have existed since 400 years ago. It was built since the beginning of the Qing Dynasty in mainland China, around the 1680s. This temple is a guide to the history of ethnic Chinese or Tionghoa presence in Manado City.

Based on historical at North Sulawesi Provincial Museum, ethnic Chinese have been in Manado since the 17th century. In addition to trade purposes, their arrival to Manado is because of impact forced labor during the Dutch East Indies government. At that time, so many people of Tioanghoa were imported by the Dutch into Manado, in order to build infrastructure for Dutch.

According to historical activist Paul Heydemans, there were many Chinese who imported by the Netherlands into Manado during the construction of Fort Amsterdam in 1673. The location is become the economy center called Market 45.

“Formerly, the natives do not yet know about the technology of building the castle, so the Dutch bring in and employ the people from Tioghoa,” said Heydemans.

In an article “Menelusuri Sejarah Kampung Cina di Manado” written by the Tionghoa-Manado Cultural Sofyan Yosadi, behind the Fort Amsterdam built Ghetto (Loh Tia) which is a residential area of ​​the Chinese in Manado.

“Next to the Chinese village, there is an Arab village. Based on colonial government, the purpose of these ethnics settlement could be easy monitoring,” said Sofyan in his article.

According to Sofyan, the Chinese settlement in Manado cannot be separated from history of Loji establishment in Manado City. In 1607 the Governor of Maluku Admiral Mattelief de Jong sent a Jung Chinese to buy rice in Minahasa Land. At that time in China, the power was under Ming Dynasty (1368-1643). In 1608, the Dutch ship led by Jan Lodewijkkz Rossinggeyn landed in Minahasa Land and established Loji where to collect the produce. Then the Chinese people started coming to Manado, including those employed by the Dutch to make the fort.

According to one of the Tridharma Manado Ferry Sondakh clergy, the Chinese who came to Manado consisted of various tribes, such as Hokkian, Khek, Canton and Hainan.

“By the time, Chinese ethnic began to multiply,” he said.

Manado Chinatown had becomes a witness of historical tragedy, including on September 7, 1944, when allies attacked the position of Japan in Manado City. In the book “Sulawesi Utara Bergolak: Peristiwa Patriotik 14 Februari 1946” written by Ben Wowor, allied air attacks makes Manado City ravaged. Ban Hin Kiong Temple one of the damaged buildings in Chinatown.

The ethnic Tionghoa-Manado has a national hero who contributed greatly during independence struggle of Republic Indonesia. He is Laksamana Muda John Lie. John Lie did duty of smuggling weapons through the sea lane. The weapons are given to the fighters of Republic Indonesia.


Editor: Rahadih Gedoan

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Who was the first contracted the corona virus?

According to government data, a 55 years old from Hubei province could be the first person to contact Covid 19 on November 17, 2019.

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ZONAUTARA.COM – The coronavirus or Covid 19 has become a pandemic, as determined by WHO (World Health Organization) The disease had been affected people in more than 100 countries, including Indonesia.

Now, it is focused on handling and preventing the coronavirus. Until this article was written, there were 173,167 people infected worldwide, and 6,664 of them had died.

The originate of this virus is known from Wuhan in Hubei Province, China. Many people say, the coronavirus stems from people who eat bat meat. But who was the first person contracted the coronavirus?

South China Morning Post (SCMP) media tried to trace it by looking at documents owned Chinese Government. The search took them on an important date, November 17, 2019.

At the last days of 2019, Chinese authorities had identified at least 266 people were infected, these patients were under medical supervision at several points.

Interviews with whistle blowers from medical community showed that doctor in China just realized that they were facing a completely new disease at the end of December.

Scientists had mapped the pattern of early Covid 19 transmission in central China on January, two months before the outbreak became a global health crisis.

Finding out undetected and undocumented cases are so important to understand how the disease spreads and would be increased scientists’ understanding of the threat size of the coronavirus.

According to government data, a 55 years old from Hubei province could be the first person to contact Covid 19 on November 17, 2019.

From that date onwards, one to five new cases are reported every day. On December 15, total number of infected reached 27 people. The double digit increase in infected people was first reported on December 17 and on December 20. The total number of confirmed cases at that time has reached 60 people.

On December 27, Zhang Jixian, a doctor from Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital in Hubei Province, told that Chinese authorities that the disease was caused by a new coronavirus. On that date, more than 180 people had been infected, even though doctors may not have known all of them at the time.

On the last day of 2019, the number had increased to 266, and on the first day of 2020, the number had reached 381 cases.

Patient zeor

Scientists are wanting to identify who is called the “Patient Zero”. Because that patient can help them to track down the true source of coronavirus. Until this time coronavirus is thought that jump from wild animals to humans, which is very likely from bats.

From the first cases that include nine people had reported in November. They were four men and five women, but no one was confirmed as patient zero. These nine people are aged between 39 and 79 years, but unknown how many of them are from Wuhan, which is believed as the center of the coronavirus spread.

It is possible that the cases arrived earlier but untracked in documents studied by SCMP.

According to WHO website, the first Covid 19 case confirmed in China occurred on December 8, 2019, but the world health organization did not track in detail, just relied the information from its member countries.

Another report published in medical journal The Lancet, written by Chinese doctors from Jinyintan Hospital in Wuhan, which treats some of the earliest patients, said the first known infection was December 1, 2019.

Dr Ai Fen, the first person who opens this information to the public, had told to People magazine in an interview that was later censored. The tests showed a patient at Wuhan Central Hospital was diagnosed on December 16 as an unknown person who infected the coronavirus.

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