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Story Of Tionghoa Ethnic In Manado

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Chinese People is praying in Ban Hin Kiong Temple, Manado City. (Foto: zonautara.com/Tonny Rarung)

MANADO, ZONAUATAR.com – Manado City also has a township commonly called Chinatown (Tionghoa Ethnic). The village is generally occupied by ethnic Chinese that located in Calaca Area, Wenang District, Manado City.

There are three temples that stay on Manado Tionghoa area, namely Ban Hin Kiong Temple, Kong Miao Litang Temple and Klenteng Kwan Im Tong. The oldest is Ban Hin Kiong Temple, believed to have existed since 400 years ago. It was built since the beginning of the Qing Dynasty in mainland China, around the 1680s. This temple is a guide to the history of ethnic Chinese or Tionghoa presence in Manado City.

Based on historical at North Sulawesi Provincial Museum, ethnic Chinese have been in Manado since the 17th century. In addition to trade purposes, their arrival to Manado is because of impact forced labor during the Dutch East Indies government. At that time, so many people of Tioanghoa were imported by the Dutch into Manado, in order to build infrastructure for Dutch.

According to historical activist Paul Heydemans, there were many Chinese who imported by the Netherlands into Manado during the construction of Fort Amsterdam in 1673. The location is become the economy center called Market 45.

“Formerly, the natives do not yet know about the technology of building the castle, so the Dutch bring in and employ the people from Tioghoa,” said Heydemans.

In an article “Menelusuri Sejarah Kampung Cina di Manado” written by the Tionghoa-Manado Cultural Sofyan Yosadi, behind the Fort Amsterdam built Ghetto (Loh Tia) which is a residential area of ​​the Chinese in Manado.

“Next to the Chinese village, there is an Arab village. Based on colonial government, the purpose of these ethnics settlement could be easy monitoring,” said Sofyan in his article.

According to Sofyan, the Chinese settlement in Manado cannot be separated from history of Loji establishment in Manado City. In 1607 the Governor of Maluku Admiral Mattelief de Jong sent a Jung Chinese to buy rice in Minahasa Land. At that time in China, the power was under Ming Dynasty (1368-1643). In 1608, the Dutch ship led by Jan Lodewijkkz Rossinggeyn landed in Minahasa Land and established Loji where to collect the produce. Then the Chinese people started coming to Manado, including those employed by the Dutch to make the fort.

According to one of the Tridharma Manado Ferry Sondakh clergy, the Chinese who came to Manado consisted of various tribes, such as Hokkian, Khek, Canton and Hainan.

“By the time, Chinese ethnic began to multiply,” he said.

Manado Chinatown had becomes a witness of historical tragedy, including on September 7, 1944, when allies attacked the position of Japan in Manado City. In the book “Sulawesi Utara Bergolak: Peristiwa Patriotik 14 Februari 1946” written by Ben Wowor, allied air attacks makes Manado City ravaged. Ban Hin Kiong Temple one of the damaged buildings in Chinatown.

The ethnic Tionghoa-Manado has a national hero who contributed greatly during independence struggle of Republic Indonesia. He is Laksamana Muda John Lie. John Lie did duty of smuggling weapons through the sea lane. The weapons are given to the fighters of Republic Indonesia.

 

Editor: Rahadih Gedoan

ENGLISH NEWS

Explore Manado: Culinary Tourism in Manado City

And if you like spicy foods, then maybe your tongue will be happy if you take it to Manado.

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MANADO,  ZONAUTARA.com – Almost every regions in Indonesia has their own unique culinary. Each of them has different taste in combining the foods. And if you like spicy foods, then maybe your tongue will be happy if you take it to Manado.

Manado, North Sulawesi is popular with its culinary tourism, a variety of unique traditional food has been known in both Indonesia and aboard. The most popular foods in Manado are chilies, fish, and meat. Manadonese food is famous of two things: the Minahasa eat absolutely anything, and the flavor of choice is very, very spicy. Sugar is used little if at all, with flavor added through lemon and herbs.

Well, here are the lists of culinary tourism in Manado:

  • Sambal Dabu Dabu

A spicy condiment made of hallots, peppers, bird’s eye chili, lemon juice, and some diced raw tomatoe. The Fresh and sour tasty, and spicy of course. It is perfect match with smoked fish.

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Dabu-dabu
  • Ayam Rica Rica

Ayam rica rice made from chicken and lots of chili that cooked in a thick coconut milk and lime.

  • Woku

Woku is the name of fish and spice mixture that cooked in a clay pot. Because it was cooked in a clay pot for a long time, Woku would have an amazing aroma when it is served warm and make you hungry immediately.

  • Tinutuan

Tinutuan or better known as Manado Porridge. A wet food made from rice, noodles, pumpkin and various vegetables such as corn kernels, spinach, kale, basil, yellow gourd, and gravy. Tinutuan has been the icon of Manado city. It is mostly preferred as a breakfast menu. So, it would be very easy to get this food every morning either it is on a street food stands or even a fancy restaurant. But if you want to taste the best and most original taste of Tinutuan, then you need to try one at Jalan Wakeke.

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Tinutuan
  • Extreme Culinnary

Manado city is popular for using strange meat on their dish. Such as: snake, pork, dog, bat, rat. You can found these extreme foods in Tomohon city, Kawangkoan village, and Langowan village.

Manado city also has two traditional drink, they are saguer and cap tikus made from palm tree. Just drinks enough as you can, because these both could make drunk.

Here is the recommended culinary list restaurant in Manado city:

  1. Boulevard area on Jalan Piere Tendean.
  2. Wahaha Seafood Restaurant at Kawasan Foodcity Mega Mas, Jalan Bulevard 2 Blok Food City No. 1.
  3. D’Terrace at Mega Mas Beach Area
  4. Raja Sate BBQ & Asian Resto on Jalan Boulevard No. 9
  5. RM Swadaya on Jalan Sam Ratulangi No. 374
  6. Wisata Bahari Resto on Jalan Wolter Monginsidi No. 1.
  7. City Extra Restaurant on Jalan Raya Tanawangko, Kalasey Village.
  8. Nasi Kuning Saroja in Jalan Diponegoro No. 9.
  9. Wakeke Area on Jalan Wakeke
  10. Raja Oci Restaurant on Jalan Sudirman No.85
  11. Green Garden Restaurant on Jalan Dr Sam Ratulangi 52

Wonderful places in Manado…

Editor: Ronny A. Buol

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